The city was built during the 1 st century BC and was ruled by the Cheshi Jushi Kingdom, until they surrendered control of the area to the Han Dynasty 206 BC—220 AD around about 50 BC.
According to some Uyghur activists, the Uyghurs number around 35 million, however official Chinese statistics put them around 12 million, a far cry from what the indigenous Uyghurs claim.
Music An example of modern Uyghur music Problems playing this file? An October 2018 by the claimed, based on analysis of collected over time, that hundreds of thousands of Uyghurs were interned in rapidly expanding camps.
Realising its potential as an oasis and trade hub, the Han Chinese swiftly occupied it and the Han Dynasty 206 BC—220 AD transformed it into a military stronghold named Yiwu in 73 AD.