Famous landmarks in the city include , , , in , , , , and , one of the oldest Buddhist temples in Japan.
Historical buildings, temples and Buddha statues are among the important values.
Summers are very hot and humid.
The city occupies a larger area about 13% than any other city or village within Osaka Prefecture.
Of the many other particularities that characterize Osaka-ben, examples include using the copula ya instead of da, and the suffix -hen instead of -nai in the negative of verbs.
Osaka made noted contributions to redevelopment, urban planning and zoning standards in the postwar period, the city developed rapidly as one of the major financial center in the Keihanshin Metropolitan Area.
London: Routledge in association with English Heritage.
In October 2018, the city of Osaka officially ended its sister city relationship with in the United States after the latter permitted a monument memorializing "comfort women" to remain on a city-owned property, circulating in the process a 10-page, 3,800-word letter in English addressed to San Francisco mayor.